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Tuesday 21 March 2023 Dublin: 11°C

# The Lancet

All time
# placebo
Suffer from lower back pain? Paracetamol might not be effective in relieving symptoms
A study has found the drug to be no more effective than a placebo in treating the condition.
# pandemic
Decriminalising prostitution would 'slash HIV rates among sex workers'
Some sex workers don’t carry condoms, to avoid arrest. This is a big problem.
# antiretroviral
Death rates for HIV-positive adults have halved
However, the risk of death from non-AIDS cancers remained stable.
# playing on
Knocked out: Global players’ union want action after World Cup concussions
FIFPro say the decision needs to be taken out of the hands of team doctors.
# Health
Portable insulin pumps prove better than insulin injections for type 2 diabetes
Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes often results in the need for insulin injections.
# intervention needed
Child mortality decreases - but at least 18,000 children dying every day
That’s the amount of deaths recorded in 189 countries covered in a new study.
# Maternal Deaths
300,000 die during pregnancy each year and midwives are key to reduction
This is according to a new series published by academics today which points to the many benefits of effective and high-quality midwifery for women and their babies.
# Epidemic
Almost one in four Irish adults are obese, a rate worse than most of Europe
A a new global study funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation found that obesity kills about 3.4 million people a year.
# Cancer
Cancer patients forced from their own countries can't access treatment
The United Nations is worried about refugees from Syria and Iraq.
# Newborn
5.5 million babies are born and die each year without being recorded
One in three newborns do not have a birth certificate by their first birthday and researchers say this reflects the world’s acceptance that these deaths are inevitable.
# zzzzzzzz
Doctors say the best way to curb obesity could be... sleep
The new study has said the key to fighting a whole range of illnesses could be a good night’s sleep.
# Drugs
Drug experts slam reports with 'misleading statistics' on legal high deaths
Experts have said many of the deaths recorded in the UK were in fact attributable to substances that were already illegal.
# Health
Community-based schizophrenia treatment in low income countries better than facility care
A study looking at India found those that had community care had reduced psychotic symptoms.
# CT scans
New way to avoid risky biopsies in diagnosis of deadly lung disease
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis kills as many people as breast cancer does every year in the United States.
# watch your house
Gregory House MD is so amazing he's even saved a real-life patient
A German patient suffering from severe heart failure had baffled doctors until they caught an episode…
# Alcohol Poisoning
Russian men drink too much vodka...and it's killing them
At present, one in four Russian men die before the age of 55.
# nuts
Could building up immunity be the key to fighting peanut allergy?
An academic trial which treated allergic children with peanut protein over the course of six months yielded some positive results.
# survival rates
If you're going to have a heart attack, Sweden is the place to do it
A major study has found that some 11,000 lives could have been saved if UK patients had received the same care as people in Sweden.
# witness the fitness
How football clubs helped male footie fans lose weight
Scottish football fans were able to lose weight and stay fit thanks to the Football Fans in Training programme.
# Disease
Scientists find first definitive proof MERS disease infects camels
Researchers cannot conclude whether the humans on the farm where a recent outbreak took place were infected by the camels or vice versa.
# Prison
UK study reveals that one in four female prisoners self-harm
That makes women prisoners four times more like to self-harm than their male counterparts.
# Medicine
Resistance crisis looms as antibiotics 'handed out like cough sweets'
Experts have called on global healthcare systems to take action in key areas.
Top scientists meet to discuss how a cure for AIDS can become a reality
Scientists said for a cure to work, it must be safe, simple and scalable.
# Health
Strokes among younger people are increasing worldwide
A major new study also shows that strokes caused by high blood pressure and unhealthy lifestyles were now to blame for over half of stroke deaths.
Despite protective drugs, no increase in sex risks for partners of HIV-positive
The question of the sexual behaviour of this group is important given current optimism about a possible reversal of the HIV epidemic.
# Science
New test for drug resistant malaria unveiled
A new test will cut down on the labour and time it takes to test for certain strains of malaria.
# Smoking
How do e-cigarettes compare to nicotine patches in helping smokers quit?
The first ever clinical trial to compare the two also assessed the health risks of e-cigarettes in a large group outside a lab for the first time.
# Gross
Richard III suffered from roundworm infection
The king’s position in society and noble lifestyle did not protect him from the common condition, it seems.
# Drugs
Cannabis 'by far' most commonly used illegal drug worldwide
However the study in The Lancet found that opioids – such as heroin – are the biggest cause of death and illness of all illicit drugs.
# Research
People with epilepsy 11 times more likely to die prematurely
The risk is heightened for individuals who suffer from depression or other psychiatric conditions.
# new research
Marrying your first cousin can double the risk of birth defects in your babies
However a study published in The Lancet today says that the absolute risk of birth defects, such as down syndrome, is low.
# Guantánamo Bay
150 doctors write to Obama offering services to Guantánamo hunger strikers
The more than 100 detainees on hunger strike at the detention facility have said that they do not trust military doctors who engaged in painful force-feeding.
A daily tablet can protect those who inject drugs from HIV
Globally, one in 10 new HIV infections are thought to be caused by injecting drug use.
# good health
China has become one of the healthiest countries in the world in just two decades
A major new study by The Lancet found a dramatic decrease in illness in China over the past two decades.
# Type 2 Diabetes
Does 'type 2 diabetes' really exist?
A leading researcher believes that because ‘type 2 diabetes’ has various causes and treatments, the term is misleading.
# blood donors
More blood donations needed to meet demand of ageing populations
A study shows that more blood donors will be needed in the future to cater for the ‘grey tsunami of ageing populations’ and the complex surgeries they will be getting.
# Brittle bones
Major progress in the fight against osteoporosis thanks to new treatment
Teams in Boston are the first to combine treatments which stop cells that attack bones, while also helping to grow new bone.
# Health
Delays of up to 10 years in diagnosing bipolar disorder
New evidence suggests that many people diagnosed with depression may actually live with bipolar disorder, a misdiagnosis that can be a major problem.
# Smoking
Smokers in Europe 'not being given enough help to quit'
A paper published in The Lancet medical journal calls for more action from authorities in Europe to combat smoking with over a quarter of the continent’s population said to be smokers.
# Children
Does promotion of child weight gain lead to disease later in life?
The authors of the report say that interventions that promote linear growth should be developed, tested and promoted.