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Thursday 8 June 2023 Dublin: 11°C

# Lancet

Last year
# cancer free
Majority of countries to miss targets for decreasing cervical cancer
Ireland had a 3% increase in cervical cancer between 1988 and 2017, one of the highest in the world.
# Covid-19
Hundreds of thousands of Long Covid sufferers could cripple health service says Denis Naughten
Denis Naughten TD has called on Government to treat long Covid patients with the same urgency as the initial Covid-19 infections.
All time
# factcheck
FactCheck: Are vaccinated people as likely to transmit Covid-19 as non-vaccinated people?
Did a study show a vaccinated person is every bit as likely to transmit Covid as an unvaccinated person? We test a claim made in the Dáil by Wexford TD Verona Murphy.
A TD made the claim this week, leading to the Minister for Health criticising the spread of 'anti-vax information'
We spoke to the author of the study referenced by the TD, who said the claim was incorrect
The study's results were complex and it's easy to see how messages became mixed around the findings, writes Brianna Parkins
# Study
'A hidden pandemic of orphanhood': One million children worldwide have lost a parent to Covid-19
A new study based Covid-19 orphanhood figures on mortality data from 21 countries accounting for 77% of global Covid-19 deaths.
# Lancet
'This is not good enough': Experts call for comprehensive reform of miscarriage care and treatment
The authors of a UK report recommend at least a minimum service to all women who have had a miscarriage.
# The Lancet
Covid-19 reinfections are rare, but more common in people 65 and older, study finds
Researchers found that initial infection with Covid-19 was likely to bestow 80% protection from reinfection among under-65s.
# Smoking
Study shows unchanged teen smoking rates in 40% of countries over past two decades
Ireland is not included in this study, but other data shows a decline in Irish teen smoking levels over time.
# Report
Schools in England that reopened early saw low rates of Covid-19, study finds
Some educational settings in England re-opened earlier than others during the summer break.
# lancet study
One in five people have 'underlying condition that increases severe Covid-19 risk’
The research in the Lancet emphasised that not all of these people would go on to develop severe symptoms if infected.
# Lancet
Aggressive public health measures halted the spread of Covid-19 in China, study shows
Scientists also warned there is a substantial risk of the virus being reintroduced from abroad.
# Mental Health
Trans people with gender-aligned passports and birth certificates less likely to feel suicidal, new research finds
More than 22,000 trans men and women were surveyed for the study.
# screen time
Toddlers who view screens for over three hours a day are 'less physically active at age five'
That’s according to a new study carried out on 500 children.
Seven in 10 adolescents in Ireland do not get the recommended daily amount of physical activity
A global study highlighted a huge gender gap between girls and boys in Ireland.
# root causes
Big Sugar and government neglect to blame for dental healthcare's 'state of crisis'
In Ireland, vulnerable people have more untreated dental disease, and poorer oral health-related quality of life than others.
# period poverty
First scientific review of menstrual cups finds they're safe - and leak the same as other sanitary products
Results from 13 studies suggest that 70% of women wanted to continue using menstrual cups once they knew how to use them.
# Cervical Cancer
Upscaling rollout of HPV vaccine could 'eliminate' cervical cancer in some countries, study finds
The disease claims the lives of more than 300,000 women every year.
# Research
Youths who identify as sexual minorities more vulnerable to depression from age 10
Findings suggest that sexual minority youths and are four times more likely to report recent self-harm at ages 16 and 21 years than their heterosexual peers.
# warning
Caesarean section use has almost doubled globally since 2000
There are dangers associated with the procedure.
# Study
Over 1.4 billion adults globally at risk of disease from not doing enough physical activity
The diseases include type two diabetes, dementia, cardiovascular disease and some cancers.
# pain relief
Changing the drug used during labour could halve the number of women needing an epidural
Pethidine is the most widely used drug but new research suggests remifentanil may work better.
# Lancet
75% of chronic pulmonary disease cases linked to childhood illnesses and parental smoking
The findings were published in The Lancet journal this week.
# Climate Change
The Paris Climate Agreement is REALLY expensive... but it could end up saving us money
Its cost could be outweighed by health savings in the area of air pollution disease and death.
# Lancet
Single dads at higher risk of premature death than single mothers or couples - study
Single fathers ate fewer fruit and vegetables, and were more likely to binge drink than single mothers and partnered parents, the study found.
# grow up
Scientists say adolescence now lasts until the age of 24
Experts have argued the definition should be changed so that laws and social policy can be developed around it.
# air quality
Traffic fumes could cancel out benefits of walking for older people - study
The EPA said that around 1,500 premature deaths in Ireland in 2014 were directly attributable to air pollution.
# global problem
In 1975, one in every 100 Irish children was obese. Now, it's one in every 10
Rates of child and adolescent obesity are highest (over 30%) in some islands in Polynesia.
# Europe
Increase in rate of HIV cases in Irish people aged over 50
In 2015, around one in six new cases of HIV diagnosed in Europe are among people aged over 50.
# Study
Face-to-face bullying is still far more common than cyberbullying
Much of the focus in recent years has been on cyberbullying.
# Research
A new study suggests living near a busy road could increase your chances of dementia
The study found no link between traffic exposure and Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis.
# Cannabis
More US adults are using marijuana as they don't think it's harmful
There have been a number of calls for cannabis to be legalised in Ireland for medical reasons.
# psilocybin
Magic mushrooms might be able to help people with severe depression
A small trial has found that a compound made from the mushrooms helped people with treatment-resistant depression.
# Paracetamol
One of the most common treatments for osteoarthritis is 'ineffective'
The condition affects around 400,000 people in Ireland.
# The Pill
Contraception pill reduces risk of developing womb cancer
About 300 women in Ireland are diagnosed with womb cancer each year.
# death do us part
In the battle to live longer, men are catching up with women
In 15 years, some parts of the UK there could be no difference.
# sucking your blood
Another reason to fear climate change: Disease carrying mosquitoes
The insects could thrive in the UK with a small increase in temperature.
# Nicotine
Find it difficult to quit smoking? This might be why
A study has revealed the rate at which smokers metabolise nicotine could predict the best way to quit.
# sub-Saharan Africa
Women using birth control shot have increased risk of contracting HIV
Other forms of contraception, such as the pill, do not appear to increase this risk.
# finding a cure
Experimental Ebola vaccines may be lifeline for African countries
Hopes raised that the trial will “form the basis of a more potent vaccine” – there is currently no effective vaccine against the Ebola or Marburg virus.
# Mental Health
Caring for a relative with dementia can make you depressed
A new study shows the benefit of learning coping strategies.
# Newborns
More antibiotics would stop rise in dangerous Strep B infections in babies - scientists
New research has recorded a rise of 60% in cases of the infection over the past 25 years in the Netherlands.